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- 1397 BC: Pandion I, leggendario Re di Atene, dies after a reign of 40 years and is succeeded by his son Erechtheus II of Atene.
- 1390 BC: In Mesopotamia, emergence of the Assiri as an independent power.
- 1385 BC: Faraone Amenhotep III of Egitto si sposa Tiy, La sua Chief Queen.
- 1380 BC: Amenhotep III connects the Nilo e la Mar Rosso with a canal.
- 1372 BC: Il Ittiti conquer all of the Kingdom of Mitanni ad ovest del Eufrate. (J.M. Roberts, The New History of the World (2003), p 84.)
- 1357 BC: Danish Egtvedpigen is buried.
- 1347 BC: King Erechtheus II is reportedly killed by fulmine after a reign of 50 years and is succeeded by his younger brother Cecrops II.
- 1346 BC: Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of Egitto begins his Cult of Aten and begins construction of Amarna intended to be his new capital. Template: Ulteriore
- 1345 BC: Amenhotep IV renames himself Akhenaton.
- 1336 BC: Akhenaten names Smenkhkare as a co-ruler.
- c. 1334 BC: Tutankhaten becomes Pharaoh of Egypt and marries Ankhesenpaaten, daughter and wife of his predecessor Akhenaton.
- 1331 BC: Tutankhaten renames himself to Tutankhamon and abandons Amarna, returning the capital to Tebe.
- 1324 BC: Pharaoh Ay è incoronato re di Egitto
- 1320s BC: Egypt: End of Diciottesima dinastia, start of XIX dinastia.
- c. 1310 a.C.: Il Bhagavad Gita is written, according to some indù tradizioni.
- 1309-1300 a.C.: Cecrops II, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 40 years and is succeeded by his son Pandion II. Pandion II was later driven into exile from Athens by the sons of Cecrops II's brother (or possibly nephew) Metion, so that Metion could take power. Pandion II fled to Megara, where he married the King's daughter and eventually inherited the throne. After his death, Pandion II's sons returned to Athens and drove out the sons of Metion.
- 1307 BC: Adad-nirari I becomes king of Assiria.
- 1300 BC: Pan Geng spostato la capitale di dinastia Shang a Yin.
- c. 1300 BC: Rise of the Cultura di Urnfield.
Although many human societies were literate in this period, some individual persons mentioned in this article ought to be considered leggendario rather than historical.
- 1398 BC—Birth of Tiy to Egyptian nobleman Yuya e sua moglie Tjuyu. She later becomes the Chief Queen of Faraone Amenhotep III of Egitto e la matrona dei Amarna family. (approximate date).
- 1391 BC—Possible Birth of Prophet Moses
- 1391 BC—Pharaoh Amenhotep III started to rule.
- 1368 BC—Death of Erichthonius, mythical King of Dardania.
- 1366 BC—Birth of Princess Tadukhipa a Tusratta, Re di Mitanni e la sua Queen Juni. She will be later married to Amenhotep III and after his death to his son and heir Amenhotep IV Akhenaton. She is variously identified with Akhenaton's Queens Nefertiti e Kiya.
- 1365 BC-Ashur-uballit I rises to the throne of Assiria.
- 1362 BC—Birth of the later Faraone Amenhotep IV Akhenaton a Amenhotep III and his Queen Tiy.
- 1350 BC-Faraone Amenhotep IV Akhenaton rises to the throne of Egitto.
- 1341 BC/1340 BC—Birth of Tutankhaten, dopo Faraone of Egitto as Tutankhamon (data approssimativa).
- 1338 BC—Queen Tiy of Egitto, Chief Queen of Amenhotep III e matrona dei Amarna family, vanishes from the historical record. Presumed death.
- 1337 BC—Queen Nefertiti of Egitto vanishes from the historical record. Presumed death.
- 1334 BC/1333 BC—Death of Smenkhkare, Faraone of Egitto and co-ruler with Akhenaton.
- 1334 BC/1333 BC—Death of Akhenaton, Faraone of Egitto.
- 1323 BC—Death of Faraone Tutankhamon of Egitto.
- 1320s BC—Birth of later Faraone Ramses II of Egitto (data approssimativa).
- 1300s BC-Seti I. of Egitto.
- 1300s BC—Pan Geng of Cina.
- Suppiluliuma I, re del Ittiti.